10th Class English – All Chapters Questions Answers
Lesson No: 1
HAZRAT MUHAMMAD ﷺ AN EMBODIMENT OF JUSTICE
Q: How can people achieve perfection in the moral, spiritual and social areas of life?
A: People can achieve perfection in the moral, spiritual and social areas of life by seeking light from the message and guidance from the exemplary practical life of Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (ﷺ) in order to attain goodness, piety and success.
Q: How did the Rasool (ﷺ) set high and noble ideals for all mankind?
A: He set very high and noble ideals through his practical example for all mankind to follow in every field of life for the attainment of goodness, piety and success.
Q: How were people of Makkah convinced of the Rasool’s (ﷺ) justice even before his prophet hood?
A: The fair dealings of Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (ﷺ) with the people As a young trader and his impartiality in resolving conflicts among the people by devising equitable plans convinced the people of Makkah of his justice even before his prophet hood.
Q: What standards of Justice did the Rasool (ﷺ) practise head of the state of Madinah?
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Q: What made the non-Muslims bring their suits to the Rasool (ﷺ)?
A: The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) strictly followed commandments of Allah regarding justice and equity. Therefore, the non-Muslims used to bring their suits for cases as they witnessed him deciding cases with justice and according to their law.
Q: How does the Holy Quran describe the personality of the Rasool (ﷺ)?
A: The Holy Quran clearly describes the personality of the Rasul in the following words:
“Indeed in the Rasool of Allah, (Mohammadﷺ) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for (the meeting with) Allah and the Last day, and remembers Allah much” (33:21).
Lesson No: 2
CHINES NEW YEAR
Q: When does Chinese New Year start?
A: Chinese New Year typically Falls somewhere between January 21st and February 28th.
Q: Why do Chinese families do thorough cleaning of their houses before New Year’s Day?
A: Chinese families do thorough cleaning of their houses before New Year’s Day to clear out any bad luck from the previous year and to make the house ready to accept good luck for the coming year.
Q: Which colour is not allowed and which colour is encouraged on Chinese New Year? Why?
A: Wearing black is not allowed due to its association with death. However, wearing red is encouraged as the colour is associated with warding off bad spirits.
Q: What do decorations on doors and Windows symbolize?
A: The decorations on doors and windows symbolize the coming of spring and a new beginning with luck and happiness.
Q: What is the significance of New Year’s Eve Dinner?
A: The New Year’s Eve Dinner has great significance. It is typical for a Chinese family to make eight to nine dishes for the New Year’s Eve dinner because in Chinese language the word “eight” means prosperity and the word “nine” means long lasting.
Q: What do the little red envelops filled with money symbolize?
A: The little red envelopes filled with money symbolize wealth and prosperity for the coming year.
Q: What is the importance of Chinese New Year for Chinese families?
A: The Chinese New Year is very important for Chinese families because it is a time when the families should come together in order to give thanks for the year that has passed and reinvigorate themselves for the coming year.
Lesson No: 3
Q: What is the lesson taught in the first stanza?
A: The lesson taught in the first stanza is that if at first we don’t succeed, we should keep on trying. Failure or success doesn’t matter. It’s the perseverance and continuous effort that does matter. The poet presents the belief that one who tries consistently achieves success ultimately.
Q: What can we learn from failure?
A: We learn that if we fail, we should persist. We should face the failures manually.
Q: How is failure not a disgrace?
A: Failure provides us an opportunity to improve ourselves and face challenges. It gives us strength to stand on our feet. So, Failure is not a disgrace.
Q: How many times should we try and why?
A: There is no limit for trying again. We should keep on trying till our success. There is no end of glory. Therefore, we should go on trying persistently until we succeed.
Q: What should we do if we find our task hard?
A: If we find our task hard, we should try again. We should be steadfast as well.
Q: Give an example of struggle from your life.
A: Two years ago, I was in 8th class. I had a pressing urge to stand first in the class. But every time I failed to do so. I worked day and night. At last, my efforts bore fruit and I stood first in my class in the annual examination.
Lesson No: 4
Q: You should not keep checking if the bleeding has stopped. Why?
A: We should not keep checking if the bleeding has stopped because this may damage or dislodge the clot that is forming and cause bleeding to resume.
Q: Why is it necessary to keep soap away from the wound?
A: It is necessary to keep soap away from the wound as the chemicals in a soap may cause irritation and itching.
Q: How is an antibiotic cream or ointment good in healing the wound?
A: An antibiotic cream or ointment is good in healing the wound because it helps keep the wound moist. They can help body’s natural healing process work fast.
Q: What should you do if you are allergic to adhesive material used in most bandages?
A: If you are allergic to adhesive material used in most bandages, switch to adhesive free dressings or sterile gauze held in place with paper tape, gauze roll or a loosely applied elastic bandage.
Q: When do you need to see a doctor?
A: You need to see a doctor if the wound is not healing or you notice any redness, increasing pain, drainage, warmth or swelling.
Q: What should your first aid kit consist of?
A: Our first aid kit should consist of:
- First aid box
- Elastic bandages
- Gauze and Adhesive tape
- Antiseptic wipes
- Safety pins and tweezers
- Latex gloves
- Calamine lotion
- Clinical thermometer
- Analgesic tablets
Lesson No: 5
Q: What does the poet hear?
A: The poet hear the musical and rhythmic sound of raindrops falling on the upper leaves.
Q: What according to the poet is a sweet noise?
A: According to the poet, the sound of rain drops is a sweet noise.
Q: What will happen after the rain stops?
A: The sun will come out after the rain stops.
Q: How does the Sun come out after the rain?
A: After the rain, the sun will shine bright. It will spread lovely and wondrous light.
Q: How does the light fill the drops?
A: The light fills each dark, round drop equally.
Q: What makes the scene lovely?
A: The bright sun after the rain makes the scene lovely.
Lesson No: 6
TELEVISION VS. NEWSPAPERS
Q: How is a newspaper more convenient medium of news?
A: A newspaper is more convenient medium of news because it does not require us to sit at a proper place and read the news. It can be read at any time, at any place. We can also omit certain aspects of our own choice of the news.
Q: How does a viewer get restricted while watching TV news?
A: The television wants its viewers to be at a certain place at a certain time in order to watch and listen to the news because news channels broadcast news at a particular time and thus a viewer gets restricted while watching TV news.
Q: In what way viewing news on TV is easier than reading a newspaper?
A: Viewing news on TV is easier than reading a newspaper because it broadcast the news as it is happening with everything as visual and auditory which is easier for a person with knowledge of broadcast language while newspaper requires proficiency in the language for better understanding.
Q: How do newspaper give us more in depth coverage?
A: Newspapers give us more in depth coverage through editorials, columns, expert opinion of the writers and the feedback of the readers to the forum pages in response to the articles.
Q: Why do some people read more than one newspapers?
A: Some people read more than one newspapers to get different viewpoints of the story and to check for its validity.
Q: How can readers give feedback to the newspaper articles?
A: Readers can give feedback to the newspaper articles by writing to the forum pages.
Q: Which medium do you prefer for news? Why?
A: I prefer newspaper to television because newspaper is more convenient medium of news as I can take it anywhere and anytime.
Lesson No: 7
LITTLE BY LITTLE ONE WALKS FAR!
Q: What are some distinctions of the writer?
A: The writer participated in various academic, literary and co-curricular activities and Won distinctions in the related fields during his school life. The most significant distinctions include Quaid-e-Azam badge in scouting, academic excellence award in district level declamation and essay writing competition and various positions in quiz competitions, computer application, geography and history.
Q: How has the writer spent his summer vacation?
A: The writer has spent his summer vacation by holding several summer jobs like joining English Language Centre, Mcdonald’s and D.K Academy. The jobs helped him in developing sensibility to prepare himself mentally and financially.
Q: What has he gained from his summer jobs experiences?
A: He gained majority and responsibility from his different summer job experiences that helped him in not to be worried about the future but to look forward to the challenges of the future.
Q: How are these experiences helpful to him in future?
A: The experience of his summer job as a source of mental and financial stability is helpful in developing maturity and responsibility that will make him emotionally strong to look forward towards upcoming challenges of future life.
Q: What kind of student is the writer? Which of his qualities impress you?
A: The writer is hard working, versatile and well-rounded student. He is optimistic and takes deep interest in firsthand knowledge to excel in life. His ambitious nature, determination, positivity and consistency impresses me a lot.
Lesson No: 8
Q: How is wind described in the first stanza?
A: The wind is described as a monster of destruction that is roars and break things apart. Its fierce mood results in catastrophic destruction that ruins all man’s work.
Q: With what wind is compared in the first stanza?
A: Wind is compared with the monster of destruction in the first stanza.
Q: What is wind doing to all man’s work?
A: The monstrous went completely destroys all man’s work. Anything built by man is smashed down to the ground and sometimes the things whirl and fly in the air due to wind’s rage.
Q: How does the scene look like when wind is still?
A: When the wind there is peace and tranquility everywhere. The sound of the cool and gentle breeze brings about comfort and satisfaction. When Breeze makes a rustling sound with leaves of trees, it soothes ears, and humans look revived, braced and pleased.
Q: What comparison is made in the second stanza?
A: In the second stanza the roaring monstrous wind compared to stillness and blue skies which is positive sign for peace and tranquility while the roars of the wind are compared to gentle whispers.
Lesson No: 9
SELECTING THE RIGHT CAREER
Q: What were some famous careers for the young people in the past?
A: Some famous careers for young people in the past were to be a doctor, a pilot or an engineer.
Q: Nowadays non-traditional Carriers are more appealing to young minds? Why?
A: Today life has become more dynamic and innovative. That’s why non-traditional careers are more appealing to young minds.
Q: What is meant by the “right profession”?
A: Right profession means a profession that is in accordance with the interest and taste of the person. It also guarantees a profitable subsistence and mental satisfaction.
Q: Why is it important to consider the scope of any field?
A: The greater the scope of any profession is, the better social status it offers to us. So, it is important to consider the scope of any field because it helps to choose a right profession.
Q: Is there any need of proper career counselling department? Why?
A: Yes, there is a dire need of proper career counselling department because this department can determine the personalities of students. It can observe and analyze their interests. It can also suggest them suitable career according to their aptitude.
Q: How can career counselors help the young people?
A: Career counselors can play a key role in guiding the youth towards a rewarding profession. Secondly, 14-15 years old students are not mature enough to make life changing decisions, so, it is career counselors who can guide them in all the matters concerned.
Q: Which career do you want to opt for? Give reasons.
A: I want to go for teaching. It is a very noble profession. It is the teacher who makes doctor, engineers, lawyers and judges etc. Without the teachers no profession is possible. So, I would love to be a teacher.
Lesson No: 10
A WORLD WITHOUT BOOKS
Q: How does a book connect the reader and the writer?
A: A book connects the reader and the writer by developing a connection as a bridge between the reader’s real world and the world described upon the pages.
Q: In what way are books better than radio, TV and internet?
A: Books are better than radio, TV and internet as they are also a form of technology that is spread over the pages which we can read at our disposal to explore the complexities of life.
Q: “It’s a slow food in a world given over to fast food” explain?
A: The term slow food is metaphorically used for the books and fast food is used for the blogs, text messages and e-books etc. Where slow food is better than fast food, the book reading is much better in nourishing the mind as compared to the instantly available knowledge and information.
Q: Why should people be given more opportunity to read books?
A: People should be given more opportunity to read books because books are a shelter for those who travel for the quest of the knowledge. They are the symbol of sustenance as man lives his life by showing compassion and feelings for others.
Q: Which book has inspired you the most? Why?
A: “The Sun also Rises” have inspired me the most. It is a novel by Earnest Hemingway. The reason is that it gives me message of hope and optimism. I get much inspiration when I come across the lines like. One generation goes, the other comes, the earth revolves and the sun also rises.
Lesson No: 11
Q: Who looked after Pip after the death of his parents?
A: After the death of his parents, Pip’s elder sister looked after him. She was hard on him.
Q: Who was Joe? How did he treat Pip?
A: Joe was the husband of Pip’s sister. Despite the hard and strict behavior of Pip’s sister, Joe was kind and warm hearted. He treated Pip with love and care as if he were his own son.
Q: Why did Pip give food and drink to the prisoner?
A: Pip gave food and drink to the prisoner because he found him in difficult and miserable condition. He helped him out of sympathy.
Q: What happened to the prisoner?
A: The prisoner was re-arrested by the police and sent to Australia as punishment.
Q: Why did the prisoner support Pip?
A: The prisoner did never forget the kindness and sympathy of Pip for him. Although he was not a gentleman himself, he supported him because he wanted Pip to have the advantages of education and money to become a successful man.
Q: What happened to the prisoner’s wealth after his death?
A: After the death of the prisoner in the prison, all his property belonged to the government according to the law because he was sentenced to death at his court trial.
Q: Do you know a person who achieved success in life through his hard work?
A: Yes, I know many. One of them is doctor Abdul Qadir Khan. He is a nuclear scientist of Pakistan. He worked hard and through his hard labour he succeeded in making Pakistan a nuclear state.
Lesson No: 12
POPULATION GROWTH AND WORLD FOOD SUPPLIES
Q: Which areas are most affected by incessant growth in population?
A: The developing countries are the most affected areas by the incessant growth in population.
Q: Why are the developing countries going to suffer more due to over-population?
A: The developing countries are going to suffer more due to over-population because food problems are very severe in these countries. The per capita availability of food grains has been declining for the past 25 years.
Q: What is the major cause of food shortages and malnutrition?
A: The major cause of food shortages and malnutrition is the severe increase in population with shortage of productive fertile land and decreased land productivity.
Q: How are water resources under great stress?
A: Water resources are under great stress because populous cities, states and countries require more water from rivers and lakes to fulfil their need of fresh water to irrigate their crops and the major threat is the overuse of surface and ground water resources.
Q: What is the effect of depletion of fossil energy?
A: Fossil energy is utilized for agricultural purpose in fertilizers and irrigation to help maintain productivity. Its depletion results in increased cost of the fuel to meet the demand of increasing population.
Q: What is the limitation of improved technology?
A: Improved technology cannot produce an unlimited flow of those vital natural resources that are the raw materials for sustained agricultural production.
Q: How can sufficient food supply be made possible for the future generation?
A: Sufficient food supply can be made possible for the future generation by curtailing the growth in human population and maintaining the integrity of biodiversity.
Q: What strategies should be adopted for safe future?
A: Strategies for safe future should be based on the conservation and careful management of land, water, energy, and biological resources needed for food production. We should also make efforts to keep the population of the world under control.
Lesson No: 13
Q: What case did the young men bring to Hazrat Umar Farooq (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ)?
A: The young men brought the case of their father’s murder to Hazrat Umar Farooq (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ).
Q: Why did the old man hurl a stone at the camel?
A: The old man hurled a stone at the camel because the camel nipped a few leaves off the hanging branch of a tree.
Q: Why did the villager ask Hazrat Umar Farooq (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) to delay the execution?
A: The villager asked Hazrat Umar Farooq (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ ) to delay the execution because he wanted to appoint a trustee to hand over the gold of his brother which his father had left at his death.
Q: On what condition was the criminal allowed to leave?
A: The criminal was allowed to leave on the condition of providing surety.
Q: Why were Sahabas (رضی اللہ) worried?
A: Hazrat Abu Zar Ghaffari (رضی اللہ) was to be killed in case the murderer did not come back. That’s why, the Sahaba (رضی اللہ) were extremely worried about the safety (fate) of him (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ).
Q: Why did the accusers forgive the villager?
A: The accusers forgave the villager for his faithfulness, honesty and truthfulness. His noble character impressed the accusers. So, they took mercy and forgave the villager.
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